AEIR 2018

Integration Indicators groupings



Country Grouping Notes:

Asia consists of the 48 regional members of ADB. http://www.adb.org/About/members.asp

Central Asia consists of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

East Asia consists of the People’s Republic of China; Hong Kong, China; Japan; the Republic of Korea; Mongolia; and Taipei,China.

Southeast Asia consists of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam.

South Asia consists of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

The Pacific consists of the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.

Oceania consists of Australia and New Zealand.

Asia: Subregional Groupings

Developing Asia consists of Asia excluding Australia, Japan, and New Zealand.

ASEAN+3 consists of the 10 ASEAN member economies, the People’s Republic of China (including Hong Kong, China), Japan, and the Republic of Korea.

ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) consists of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, the Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam.

ASEAN-4 consists of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand.

BCLMV consists of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, the Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Viet Nam.

Plus Three (+3) consists of the People’s Republic of China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea.

NIE-3 (Newly Industrialized Economies-3) consists of Hong Kong, China; the Republic of Korea; and Singapore.

NIEs (Newly Industrialized Economies) consists of Hong Kong, China; the Republic of Korea; Singapore; and Taipei,China.

SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) consists of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

ADB Subregional Programs

BIMP-EAGA (Brunei Darussalam–Indonesia–Malaysia–Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area)

BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) consists of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

CAREC (Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation) Program consists of Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, the People’s Republic of China, Georgia, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Please note that Georgia only became a member in 2016.

GMS (Greater Mekong Subregion) consists of Cambodia, the People’s Republic of China, the Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam.

IMT-GT (Indonesia–Malaysia–Thailand Growth Triangle)

SASEC (South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation) consists of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

Africa consists of Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

European Union consists of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

Eurozone consists of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

Latin America consists of Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, the Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, and Republica Bolivarian de Venezuela.

Middle East consists of Kingdom of Bahrain, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, United Arab Emirates, and Republic of Yemen.

North America consists of Canada and the United States.