AEIR 2019/2020

Economic growth continued to slow to 5.0% in FY2019—from 6.1% in FY2018 and well below the 7.0% average of the past decade—as credit constraints undermined domestic demand. Agriculture grew by 3.7% in FY2019, while industry growth slowed to 1.8% from weak manufacturing and construction. Services added 3.5 percentage points to growth, expanding 7.0% mainly due to improved financial services, real estate, and other professional services. On the demand side, a decline in investment severely dragged down growth. After growing an annual average 7.2% over the past decade, gross fixed capital formation contracted by 0.6% in FY2019, its worst showing since FY2002. GDP growth is forecast to slow further to 4.0% in FY2020 before rebounding sharply to 6.2% in FY2021, assuming the COVID-19 pandemic is contained by the second half of 2020.

Source: Asian Development Outlook 2020, ADB
Integration Index


Free Trade Agreements


Crossborder & Infra Initiatives


Money & Finance Initiatives


Regional Public Goods Initiatives


Total Trade, in million US$
Inward FDI flows (BOP) in million US$
Outward Portfolio Equity Investment
Outward Portfolio Debt Investment
Ratio of Migrants to Population
Outbound Tourism
Latest Month-Ago Year-Ago
Composite Stock Price Index 1 31.0 (May20)30.0 38.0
Broad Money Growth 2 10.8 (Apr20)10.8 8.9
Headline Inflation Rate 3 5.9 (Mar20)6.6 2.9
Industrial/ Manufacturing Production Growth Rate 3 -16.7 (Mar20)4.6 2.7
Merchandise Export Growth 3 -60.3 (Apr20)-60.3 -34.6
Exchange Rate Index 4 170.6 (May20)171.9 157.4
1 Monthly average, local index.
2 %.
3 y-o-y, %.
4 Monthly average, January 2006 = 100, $/local currency.
Source: Bloomberg LP; CEIC database; Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation; Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Initiatives / FTAs