AEIR 2022

Economic growth fell by 18.4% in fiscal year 2021 (FY2021, ended 30 September 2021) due to political uncertainty and the COVID-19 pandemic. Industry contracted by 20.9% in FY2021 (from 3.8% in FY2020) while services decelerated further to 26.4% (from 3.4%). Weak external demand and higher prices of farm inputs slowed agricultural growth to 0.8% in FY2021 from 1.7%. The current account deficit narrowed to 1.1% of GDP from 2.5% of GDP in FY2020, as mobility restrictions slowed external trade, lowered export earnings, and slowed import growth. Inflation moderated to 3.6% in FY2021 from 5.7%, while fiscal deficit widened to 6% of GDP from 5% in FY2020 as revenues fell. In FY2022, the economy is forecast to contract by 0.3% due to continued political instability. 

Source: Asian Development Outlook 2022.
Latest Month-Ago Year-Ago
Broad Money Growth 1 18.7 (Jan21)18.7 18.2
Headline Inflation Rate 2 17.3 (Mar22)14.1 2.7
Merchandise Export Growth 2 37.1 (Apr22)37.1 9.9
Exchange Rate Index 3 28.0 (Jul22)28.0 25.0
1 %.
2 y-o-y, %.
3 Monthly average, January 2006 = 100, $/local currency.
Source: CEIC database.

Initiatives / FTAs

News