AEIR 2021

People’s Republic of China

Economic growth slowed to 2.3% in 2020 from 6.0% in 2019. On the demand side, investment was the main driver, contributing 2.2 percentage points. Consumption reduced growth by 0.5% in 2020 after contributing 3.5% in 2019, in line with the drop in household consumption and retail sales. On the supply side, services remained the main contributor to growth contributing 2.1 percentage points in 2020, down from 5.1% in 2019. Economic growth is forecast at 8.1% in 2021 and 5.5%. in 2022 as household consumption continues to recover. On the supply side, hospitality, recreation, and tourism is expected to rebound as more people are vaccinated.

Source: Asian Development Outlook 2021.
Latest Month-Ago Year-Ago
Composite Stock Price Index 1 3.0 (Sep21)3.0 3.0
Broad Money Growth 2 8.2 (Aug21)8.2 8.3
Headline Inflation Rate 3 0.8 (Aug21)1.0 2.4
Industrial/ Manufacturing Production Growth Rate 3 5.3 (Aug21)6.4 5.6
Merchandise Export Growth 3 25.1 (Aug21)25.1 19.0
Exchange Rate Index 4 80.1 (Sep21)80.3 84.5
1 Monthly average, local index.
2 %.
3 y-o-y, %.
4 Monthly average, January 2006 = 100, $/local currency.
Source: Bloomberg LP; CEIC database; CEIC Database.

Initiatives / FTAs

News