Economic growth slowed to 2.3% in 2020 from 6.0% in 2019. On the demand side, investment was the main driver, contributing 2.2 percentage points. Consumption reduced growth by 0.5% in 2020 after contributing 3.5% in 2019, in line with the drop in household consumption and retail sales. On the supply side, services remained the main contributor to growth contributing 2.1 percentage points in 2020, down from 5.1% in 2019. Economic growth is forecast at 8.1% in 2021 and 5.5%. in 2022 as household consumption continues to recover. On the supply side, hospitality, recreation, and tourism is expected to rebound as more people are vaccinated.
|Composite Stock Price Index 1||3.0 (Sep21)||3.0||3.0|
|Broad Money Growth 2||8.2 (Aug21)||8.2||8.3|
|Headline Inflation Rate 3||0.8 (Aug21)||1.0||2.4|
|Industrial/ Manufacturing Production Growth Rate 3||5.3 (Aug21)||6.4||5.6|
|Merchandise Export Growth 3||25.1 (Aug21)||25.1||19.0|
|Exchange Rate Index 4||80.1 (Sep21)||80.3||84.5|
|1 Monthly average, local index.|
3 y-o-y, %.
4 Monthly average, January 2006 = 100, $/local currency.
|Source: Bloomberg LP; CEIC database; CEIC Database.|
Initiatives / FTAs
ADB Working Paper Series16 items
on Regional Economic
Studies and Research