AEIR 2022

A recovery in tourism and related sectors increased GDP by 31.6% in 2021, following the significant 33.5% contraction in 2020. Tourist arrivals rose to 1.3 million from 555,494 in 2020, up 138%. However, despite the surge, arrivals were 22.4% lower than in pre-pandemic 2019. Average inflation remained low at 0.5% in 2021 due to the government's administrative price controls and one-off discounts on some necessities and utilities. Assuming no major geopolitical fallout from the Russian Federation’s invasion of Ukraine or another wave of COVID-19 infections, increasing tourist arrivals and new large public infrastructure projects should drive GDP up by 11.0% in 2022 and by 12.0% in 2023, bringing GDP up 8.8% above its 2019 level. 

Source: Asian Development Outlook 2022.
Latest Month-Ago Year-Ago
Headline Inflation Rate 1 1.2 (Apr22)1.1 3.4
Merchandise Export Growth 1 49.3 (Apr22)49.3 -4.5
Exchange Rate Index 2 119.5 (Jul22)120.1 119.7
1 y-o-y, %.
2 Monthly average, January 2006 = 100, $/local currency.
Source: CEIC database.

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