AEIR 2018

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Macroeconomic Indicators
Regional Cooperation and Integration database:

AEIR Data Catalogue

A compilation of all figures and tables from the Asian Economic Integration Reports. Download data in CSV or follow links to view specific figure or table from the report.


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    Regional Economic Outlook and Development Challenges
    Trade and the Global Value Chain
    Foreign Direct Investment
    Financial Integration
    Movement of People
    Subregional Initiatives
    Theme Chapter Toward optimal provision of regional public goods in Asia and the Pacific
    Statistical Appendix
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Regional Gross Domestic Product Growth (%, year-on-year)
Tags:
GDP
Scope:
Asia
China, People's Republic of
European Union
India
Japan
United States
Period:
Annual (2014/2019)
Source:
ADB (2018); CEIC (accessed September 2018); and World Bank. World Development Indicators. https://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed September 2018).
Author:





Nonresident Portfolio Capital Inflows—Developing Asia ($ billion)
Tags:
portfolio investment
Scope:
Developing Asia
Period:
Quarterly (2010/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from CEIC; IIF. Monthly Portfolio Tracker. https://www.iif.com; and International Monetary Fund. International Financial Statistics. https://www.imf.org/en/Data (all accessed August 2018).
Author:





Capital Flow Volatility—Developing Asia (standard deviation of capital net flow levels as % of GDP)
Tags:
FDI
portfolio investment
Scope:
Developing Asia
Period:
Quarterly (1999/2017)
Source:
ADB calculation using data from CEIC; and International Monetary Fund. Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Statistics. http://www.imf.org/external/np/sta/bop/bop.htm (both accessed July 2018).
Author:





Financial Stress Index—Developing Asia
Tags:
Financial Stress Index
Scope:
Developing Asia
Period:
Monthly (1995/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg; CEIC; Haver Analytics (all accessed August 2018); and methodology by Park and Mercado (2014).
Author:





Percentage of Economies in Recession (%)
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
ADB Subregional Programs
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
Developing Asia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
United States
Period:
Quarterly (1981/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from data from Oxford Economics (accessed July 2018); and methodology by ADB Institute (2009).
Author:





Cumulative Output Loss from Recessions, 1981–2017 (% of peak real GDP, median)
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
ADB Subregional Programs
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
Developing Asia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
United States
Period:
Quarterly (1981/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Oxford Economics (accessed July 2018); and methodology by ADB Institute (2009).
Author:





Number of Disasters and Resultant Deaths, by Type—Developing Asia
Tags:
disaster
Scope:
Developing Asia
Period:
Annual (1901/2018)
Source:
EM-DAT: The Emergency Events Database–Université catholique de Louvain–Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, D. Guha-Sapir, Brussels, Belgium. https://www.emdat.be (accessed September 2018).
Author:





Asia-Pacific Regional Cooperation and Integration Index—Asia Subregions
Tags:
ARCII
regional integration
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2006/2016)
Source:
Park and Claveria (2018a).
Author:





Dimensional Subindexes—Asia Subregions
Tags:
ARCII
regional integration
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2006/2016)
Source:
Park and Claveria (2018a).
Author:





Trade Volume Growth (%, year-on-year)
Tags:
trade
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
China, People's Republic of
Developing Asia
Hong Kong, China
Korea, Republic of
Singapore
Taipei,China
World
Period:
Annual (2012/2019)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook April 2018 database. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/index.aspx (accessed May 2018); International Monetary Fund. Direction of Trade Database. https://www.imf.org/en/Data (accessed August 2018); and World Trade Organization Statistics database. http://stat.wto.org/Home/WSDBHome.aspx (accessed May 2018).
Author:





Dimensional Contribution to Regional Integration Index—Asia versus Other Regions
Tags:
ARCII
regional integration
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Africa
Asia
European Union
Period:
Annual (2006/2016)
Source:
Park and Claveria (2018a).
Author:





Summary of ARCII-Augmented Growth Regression Results Dependent variable: Log(Real GDP per Capita)
Tags:
ARCII
regional integration
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Africa
Asia
European Union
Source:
Park and Claveria (2018a).
Author:





Summary of ARCII-Augmented Poverty Regression Results Dependent variable: Log(Poverty Headcount Ratio)
Tags:
ARCII
regional integration
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Africa
Asia
European Union
Source:
Park and Claveria (2018a).
Author:





Merchandise Trade Volume and Real GDP Growth—Asia and World (%, year-on-year)
Tags:
merchandise trade
real GDP growth
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2002/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook April 2018 Database. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/index.aspx; and World Trade Organization. Statistics Database. http://stat.wto.org/Home/WSDBHome.aspx (both accessed May 2018).
Author:


Sources of Trade Volume Growth—Asia
Tags:
exports
imports
trade volume growth
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2002/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Trade Organization. Statistics Database. http://stat.wto.org/Home/WSDBHome.aspx (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Trade Value—Asia and World
Tags:
trade value
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2002/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Trade Organization. Statistics Database. http://stat.wto.org/Home/WSDBHome.aspx (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Contribution to Exports Growth, by Commodity Type—Asia (%)
Tags:
commodity
export growth
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2016/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Direction of Trade Statistics. https://www.imf.org/en/Data (accessed August 2018); and United Nations. Commodity Trade Database. https://comtrade.un.org (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Contribution to Imports Growth, by Commodity Type—Asia (%)
Tags:
commodity
import growth
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2016/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Direction of Trade Statistics. https://www.imf.org/en/Data (accessed August 2018); and United Nations. Commodity Trade Database. https://comtrade.un.org (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Monthly Trade, by Value and Volume—Asia
Tags:
trade value
trade volume
Scope:
China, People's Republic of
Hong Kong, China
India
Indonesia
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
Taipei,China
Thailand
Viet Nam
Period:
Monthly (2014/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from CEIC; and CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis. World Trade Monitor. https://www.cpb.nl/en/data (both accessed September 2018).
Author:


Intraregional Trade Share—Asia, European Union, North America (%)
Tags:
intraregional trade
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Asia
Canada
European Union
Period:
Annual (1990/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Direction of Trade Statistics. https://www.imf.org/en/Data (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Trade Value Growth, Intraregional and Extraregional—Asia (%)
Tags:
extraregional trade growth
intraregional trade growth
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (1991/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Direction of Trade Statistics. https://www.imf.org/en/Data (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Intraregional Trade Shares—Asia Subregions (%)
Tags:
intra-subregional trade
Scope:
Central Asia
East Asia
Pacific + Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Period:
Annual (2000/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Direction of Trade Statistics. https://www.imf.org/en/Data (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Gravity Model Estimation Results, 2013–2017
Tags:
commodity group
gravity model
trade flows
trade integration
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2013/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Institute for Research on the International Economy. http://www.cepii.fr/CEPII/en/cepii/cepii.asp (accessed May 2018); and United Nations. Commodity Trade Database. https://comtrade.un.org (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Gravity Model Estimation Results, 2013–2017: Intra- and Inter-subregional Trade (All Goods)
Tags:
commodity group
gravity model
inter-subregional trade
intra-subregional trade
trade flows
Scope:
Central Asia
East Asia
Pacific + Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Period:
Annual (2013/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Institute for Research on the International Economy. http://www.cepii.fr/CEPII/en/cepii/cepii.asp (accessed May 2018); and United Nations. Commodity Trade Database. https://comtrade.un.org (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Components of Gross Exports (%)
Tags:
global value chains
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from 2010–2017 ADB Multi-Regional Input-Output Tables; and methodology by Wang, Wei, and Zhu (2014).
Author:


Production Networks of Selected Asian Economies, European Union, Latin America, and North America
Tags:
global value chains
production networks
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Asia
European Union
North America
Period:
Annual (2010/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from the 2010–2017 ADB Multi-Regional Input–Output Tables; and methodology by Wang, Wei, and Zhu (2014).
Author:


Value Chain Participation Ratio
Tags:
global value chains
production networks
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Asia
European Union
North America
Period:
Annual (2010/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from the 2010–2017 ADB Multi-Regional Input–Output Tables; and methodology by Wang, Wei, and Zhu (2014).
Author:


Trends in Production Network of Selected Asian Economies, European Union, Latin America, and North America
Tags:
global value chains
production networks
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Asia
European Union
North America
Period:
Annual (2010/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from the 2010–2017 ADB Multi-Regional Input–Output Tables; and methodology by Wang, Wei, and Zhu (2014).
Author:


Newly Effective Free Trade Agreements—Asia
Tags:
FTA
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (1976/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from ADB. Asia Regional Integration Center FTA Database. https://aric.adb. org/fta; and World Trade Organization. Regional Trade Agreement Information System. http://rtias.wto.org (both accessed August 2018).
Author:


Number of Proposed and Signed Free Trade Agreements—Asia
Tags:
FTA
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2000/2018)
Source:
ADB. Asia Regional Integration Center FTA Database. https://aric.adb. org/fta (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Number of Signed Free Trade Agreements—Asia (cumulative since 1975)
Tags:
FTA
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2000/2018)
Source:
ADB. Asia Regional Integration Center FTA Database. https://aric.adb. org/fta (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Number of Signed Free Trade Agreements, Intraregional and Extraregional (cumulative since 1975)
Tags:
FTA
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2000/2018)
Source:
ADB. Asia Regional Integration Center FTA Database. https://aric.adb. org/fta (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Trade-Related Measures—Asia
Tags:
NTM
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2000/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Trade Organization. Integrated Trade Intelligence Portal. https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/itip_e.htm (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Trade Remedy Measuresa and WTO Cases,b 2010–2018
Tags:
NTM
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Trade Organization. Integrated Trade Intelligence Portal. https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/itip_e.htm (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Number of New Trade Remedy Measures Involving Asia
Tags:
NTM
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2010/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Trade Organization. Integrated Trade Intelligence Portal. https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/itip_e.htm (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Number of Trade Remedy Measures Affecting Asia, 2010–2018—Top Affected Sectors
Tags:
NTM
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2010/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Trade Organization. Integrated Trade Intelligence Portal. https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/itip_e.htm (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Number of Implemented Trade Remedy Measures, 2010–2018—Top Affected Asian Economies
Tags:
NTM
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2010/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Trade Organization. Integrated Trade Intelligence Portal. https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/itip_e.htm (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Impact of Antidumping Case Initiations on Global Value Chain Exports Panel Ordinary Least Squares (All countries)
Tags:
antidumping
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2000/2015)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from ADB. 2015 ADB Multi-Regional Input–Output Table; Bown (2016); Institute for Research on the International Economy. http://www.cepii.fr/CEPII/en/cepii/cepii.asp (accessed May 2018); United Nations Statistics Division. National Accounts Main Aggregates Database. https://unstats. un.org/unsd/snaama/dnlList.asp (accessed January 2018); World Integrated Trade Solutions. https://wits.worldbank.org/ (accessed February 2018); and methodology by Wang, Wei, and Zhu (2014).
Author:


System Generalized Method of Moments (All countries)Impact of Antidumping Case Initiations on Global Value Chain Exports
Tags:
antidumping
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2000/2015)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from ADB. 2015 ADB Multi-Regional Input–Output Table; Bown (2016); Institute for Research on the International Economy. http://www.cepii.fr/CEPII/en/cepii/cepii.asp (accessed May 2018); United Nations Statistics Division. National Accounts Main Aggregates Database. https://unstats. un.org/unsd/snaama/dnlList.asp (accessed January 2018); World Integrated Trade Solutions. https://wits.worldbank.org/ (accessed February 2018); and methodology by Wang, Wei, and Zhu (2014).
Author:


Total Inward Foreign Direct Investment
Tags:
FDI
inward FDI
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat. ASEANstats Database. https://www.aseanstats.org/ (accessed July 2018); and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/AnnexTables.aspx (accessed June 2018)
Author:


Top 10 Global and Asian Foreign Direct Investment Recipients ($ billion)
Tags:
FDI
inward FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Annex-Tables.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Foreign Direct Investment, by Mode of Entry—Asia a. Number of projects (’000s)
Tags:
FDI
M&A
greenfield FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Foreign Direct Investment, by Mode of Entry—Asia b. FDI value ($ value)
Tags:
FDI
M&A
greenfield FDI
manufacturing
primary
services
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Top Affected Recipients of Foreign Direct Investment in Asia—Greenfield and Mergers and Acquisitions
Tags:
FDI
M&A
greenfield FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Average Project and Deal Size—Asia ($ million)
Tags:
FDI
M&A
greenfield FDI
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2016/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Total Inward Foreign Direct Investment to Asia, by Sector ($ billion) a: Greenfield FDI
Tags:
FDI
greenfield FDI
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Total Inward Foreign Direct Investment to Asia, by Sector ($ billion) b: Mergers and Acquistions
Tags:
FDI
M&A
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Intra-Asia Foreign Direct Investment, by Sector ($ billion) b: Mergers and Acquisitions
Tags:
FDI
inward FDI
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Financial Times. fDi Markets; and Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Intra-Asia Foreign Direct Investment, by Sector ($ billion) a: Greenfield
Tags:
FDI
balance of payments
intraregional FDI
inward FDI
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Financial Times. fDi Markets; and Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Top Sources of Decline of Foreign Direct Investment in Asia—Greenfield and Mergers and Acquisitions
Tags:
FDI
M&A
greenfield
intraregional FDI
inward FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Global Greenfield Foreign Direct Investment Jobs Creation a: By Destination
Tags:
FDI
inter-subregional FDI
intra-subregional FDI
intraregional FDI
inward FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Financial Times. fDi Markets (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Global Greenfield Foreign Direct Investment Jobs Creation b: By Source
Tags:
FDI
outward FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Financial Times. fDi Markets (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Inward Greenfield Foreign Direct Investment Job Creation in Asia, by Source a: Total (millions)
Tags:
FDI
outward FDI
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Financial Times. fDi Markets (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Inward Greenfield Foreign Direct Investment Job Creation in Asia, by Source b: Number of Jobs per Greenfield Project
Tags:
FDI
inward FDI
net flows
outward FDI
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Financial Times. fDi Markets (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Inward Greenfield Foreign Direct Investment Job Creation in Asia, by Sector a: Total (millions)
Tags:
FDI
M&A
greenfield FDI
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Financial Times. fDi Markets (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Inward Greenfield Foreign Direct Investment Job Creation in Asia, by Sector b: Number of Jobs per Greenfield Project
Tags:
FDI
greenfield FDI
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Financial Times. fDi Markets (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Services Trade in Asia, by Subregion
Tags:
services
trade
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Trade Organization-United Nations Conference on Trade and Development-International Trade Centre Trade in Services data set. https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/daily_update_e/services_annual_dataset.zip (accessed July 2018).
Author:


Inward Services Foreign Direct Investment in Asia, by Subregion
Tags:
FDI
services
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Inward Services Foreign Direct Investment in Asia, by Source ($ billion)
Tags:
FDI
services
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018)
Author:


Total Services Foreign Direct Investment Inflows and Aggregate Services Trade (average 2005–2017)
Tags:
FDI
services
trade
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2005/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Financial Times. fDi Markets; and Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database (both accessed June 2018); and World Trade Organization-United Nations Conference on Trade and DevelopmentInternational Trade Centre Trade in Services data set. https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/daily_update_e/services_annual_dataset.zip (accessed July 2018).
Author:


Global Inward Foreign Direct Investment in Asia, by Subregion ($ billion)
Tags:
FDI
inward FDI
Scope:
Asia
Central Asia
East Asia
Pacific + Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat. ASEANstats Database. https://www.aseanstats.org/ (accessed July 2018); United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Annex-Tables.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Intraregional Foreign Direct Investment Inflows—Asia
Tags:
FDI
intraregional
inward
Scope:
Asia
Central Asia
East Asia
Pacific + Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat. ASEANstats Database. https://www.aseanstats.org/ (accessed July 2018); Eurostat. Balance of Payments. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/balance-of-payments/data/database (accessed June 2018); United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Bilateral FDI Statistics. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/FDI%20Statistics/FDI-Statistics-Bilateral.aspx (accessed June 2018) and World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Annex-Tables.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Foreign Direct Investment Shares in Asia—Intra-subregional, Inter-subregional, and Rest of the World (%)
Tags:
FDI
intraregional
inward
Scope:
Asia
Central Asia
East Asia
Pacific + Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat. ASEANstats Database. https://www.aseanstats.org/ (accessed July 2018); Eurostat. Balance of Payments. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/balance-of-payments/data/database (accessed June 2018); United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Bilateral FDI Statistics. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/FDI%20Statistics/FDI-Statistics-Bilateral.aspx (accessed June 2018) and World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Annex-Tables.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Global Outward Foreign Direct Investment, by Source ($ trillion)
Tags:
FDI
outward FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/AnnexTables.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Asia’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment, by Source ($ billion)
Tags:
FDI
outward FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/AnnexTables.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Top 10 Global and Asian Sources of Foreign Direct Investment ($ billion)
Tags:
FDI
outward FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Annex-Tables.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Asian Outward Foreign Direct Investment to the Rest of the World, by Sector ($ billion) a: Greenfield
Tags:
FDI
greenfield
outward FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Asian Outward Foreign Direct Investment to the Rest of the World, by Sector ($ billion) b: Mergers and Acquisitions
Tags:
FDI
M&A
outward FDI
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2003/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bureau van Dijk. Zephyr M&A Database; and Financial Times. fDi Markets (both accessed June 2018).
Author:


Total Foreign Direct Investment Flows—Asia ($ billion)
Tags:
FDI
inward FDI
outward FDI
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat. ASEANstats Database. https://www.aseanstats.org/ (accessed July 2018); United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/ Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Annex-Tables.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Cross-Border Assets—Asia
Tags:
FDI assets
bank claims
cross-border portfolio debt assets
portfolio equity assets
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bank for International Settlements. Locational Banking Statistics. https://www.bis.org/statistics/bankstats.htm (accessed August 2018); International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018); and International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Direct Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CDIS (accessed February 2018).
Author:




Cross-Border Liabilities—Asia
Tags:
FDI liabilities
bank liabilities
cross-border portfolio debt liabilities
portfolio equity liabilities
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bank for International Settlements. Locational Banking Statistics. https://www.bis.org/statistics/bankstats.htm (accessed August 2018); International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018); and International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Direct Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CDIS (accessed February 2018).
Author:




Inward Portfolio Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio debt liabilities
cross-border portfolio equity liabilities
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Change in Inward Portfolio Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio debt liabilities
cross-border portfolio equity liabilities
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Sources of Inward Portfolio Equity Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio equity liabilities
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Sources of Inward Portfolio Debt Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio debt liabilities
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Outward Portfolio Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio debt assets
cross-border portfolio equity assets
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Change in Outward Portfolio Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio debt assets
cross-border portfolio equity assets
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Destinations of Outward Portfolio Equity Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio equity assets
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Destinations of Outward Portfolio Debt Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio debt assets
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Inter- and Intra-Subregional Portfolio Equity Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio equity investment
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Inter- and Intra-Subregional Portfolio Debt Investment—Asia
Tags:
cross-border portfolio debt investment
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:




Cross-Border Bank Holdings—Asia
Tags:
cross-border bank claims
cross-border bank liabilities
locational statistics
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bank for International Settlements. Locational Banking Statistics. https://www.bis.org/statistics/bankstats.htm (accessed August 2018).
Author:




Change in Cross-Border Bank Holdings—Asia
Tags:
cross-border bank claims
cross-border bank liabilities
locational statistics
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Quarterly (2013/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bank for International Settlements. Locational Banking Statistics. https://www.bis.org/statistics/bankstats.htm (accessed August 2018).
Author:




Destination of Cross-Border Bank Claims—Asia
Tags:
cross-border bank claims
locational statistics
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bank for International Settlements. Locational Banking Statistics. https://www.bis.org/statistics/bankstats.htm (accessed August 2018).
Author:




Sources of Cross-Border Bank Liabilities—Asia
Tags:
cross-border bank liabilities
locational statistics
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (2012/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bank for International Settlements. Locational Banking Statistics. https://www.bis.org/statistics/bankstats.htm (accessed August 2018).
Author:




Average Simple Correlation of Stock Price Index Weekly Returns—Asia with Asia and World
Tags:
GDP
equity index
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Monthly (1999/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg; CEIC; Haver; International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/index.aspx (accessed September 2018); and Stooq. https://stooq.com/q/?s=^sti (accessed September 2018).
Author:



Conditional Correlations of Equity Markets—Asia with Select Economies and Regions
Tags:
GDP
equity index
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Annual (1999/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg; CEIC; and Stooq. https://stooq.com/q/?s=^sti (accessed May 2018); and methodology by Hinojales and Park (2010).
Author:



Average Simple Correlation of Weekly Bond Return Index—Asia with Asia and World
Tags:
GDP
local currency bond total returns index
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Monthly (2005/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg; and International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/index.aspx (accessed September 2018).
Author:



Conditional Correlations of Bond Markets—Asia with Select Economies and Regions
Tags:
GDP
local currency bond total returns index
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Monthly (2006/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg and methodology by Hinojales and Park (2010).
Author:



Share of Variance in Local Equity Returns Explained by Global and Regional Shocks
Tags:
GDP
equity index
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Monthly (1999/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg; CEIC; and International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/index.aspx (accessed September 2018); and methodology by Lee and Park (2011).
Author:



Share of Variance in Local Bond Returns Explained by Global and Regional Shocks
Tags:
GDP
local currency bond total returns index
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Monthly (1999/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg; and International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/index.aspx (accessed September 2018); and methodology by Lee and Park (2011).
Author:



σ-Convergence of 10-Year Government Bond Yields—Asia
Tags:
bond yields
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Period:
Monthly (2006/2018)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg; CEIC (accessed September 2018); and methodology by Espinoza, Prasad, and Williams (2010); and Park (2013).
Author:



International Migrant Stock and Share of Migrants from Asia
Tags:
migrant stock
migrants
migration
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Aff airs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/ migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed May 2018).
Author:


International Migrants by Region of Origin (million)
Tags:
migrant stock
migrants
migration
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Africa
Asia
Europe
Middle East
North America
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Aff airs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/ migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Migration to and from Asia, by Region (million)
Tags:
migrant stock
migrants
migration
Scope:
Asia
Europe
Middle East
North America
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Aff airs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/ migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Top 10 Sources of Migrants 2017 - Asia (million)
Tags:
migrant stock
migrants
migration
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/ data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed May 2018)
Author:


Top 10 Ratios of Outmigrants to Population—Asia, 2017 (%)
Tags:
migrant stock
migrants
migration
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Aff airs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/ migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed May 2018).
Author:


International Migration Trend - Asia
Tags:
migrant stock
migrants
migration
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Aff airs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/ migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Migration from Asia by Subregions (% of total outmigrants)
Tags:
migrant stock
migrants
migration
Scope:
Central Asia
East Asia
Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
The Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Aff airs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/ migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed May 2018).
Author:


International Migrants Working Age Migrants and Migrant Workers, 2013
Tags:
migrant stock
migrants
migration
working age migrants
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
International Labour Organization
Author:


Number of United States H1B Visas Granted, by Region of Migrant Origin (’000)
Tags:
H1B visa
migrants
skilled labor
skilled migrants
visa
working migrants
Scope:
Asia
Europe
Period:
Annual (2013/2017)
Source:
United States Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs. Visa Statistics. https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/legal/visa-law0/visastatistics.html (accessed July 2018)
Author:


Number of Foreign Workers in Japan, by Visa Type (million)
Tags:
migrants
skilled labor
skilled migrants
visa
working migrants
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2008/2017)
Source:
Japan Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare. 2018. Status of Notification of “Employment Status of Foreigners” Summary (as of the end of October, Heisei 30). https://www.mhlw.go.jp/file/04-Houdouhappyou11655000-ShokugyouanteikyokuhakenyukiroudoutaisakubuGaikokujinkoyoutaisakuka/44789gr5.pdf
Author:


Temporary Skilled Migrant Visas Approved by Source Region (’000)
Tags:
migrants
skilled labor
skilled migrants
visa
working migrants
Scope:
Australia
United Kingdom
United States
Period:
Annual (2013/2017)
Source:
United States Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs. Visa Statistics. https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/legal/visa-law0/visa-statistics. html; Australian Government, Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Work in Australia–Statistics. https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/about/reportspublications/research-statistics/statistics/work-in-australia; and United Kingdom Immigration Statistics. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/ immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/list-of-tables (all accessed July 2018).
Author:


Financial Inflows to Asia By Type ($ billion)
Tags:
ODA and official aid
net equity inflow
net fdi inflow
remittance receipts
tourism receipts
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (1990/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Bank. World Development Indicators. https://data.worldbank.org/ (accessed September 2018); and Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD). http://www. knomad.org/data/remittances (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Remittance Inflows to Asia by Source (% change, year-on-year)
Tags:
remittance
remittance inflows
remittance receipts
Scope:
Africa
Asia
Europe
Latin America and Caribbean
Middle East
North America
Period:
Annual (2015/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD). http://www.knomad.org/data/remittances (accessed May 2018)
Author:


Remittance Inflows to Asia Subregions (% change, year-on-year)
Tags:
remittance
remittance inflows
remittance receipts
Scope:
Central Asia
East Asia
Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
The Pacific
Period:
Annual (2015/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD). http://www.knomad.org/data/remittances (accessed May 2018)
Author:


Top 10 Remittance-recipient Economies in Asia ($ billion)
Tags:
remittance
remittance inflows
remittance receipts
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD). http://www.knomad.org/data/remittances (accessed May 2018)
Author:


Top 10 Remittance-Recipient Economies in Asia—2017 (share of GDP)
Tags:
remittance
remittance inflows
remittance receipts
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD). http://www.knomad.org/data/remittances (accessed May 2018)
Author:


Top 10 Remittance-recipient Economies in Asia—2017 (per capita)
Tags:
remittance
remittance inflows
remittance receipts
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD). http://www.knomad.org/data/remittances (accessed May 2018)
Author:


Remittance Inflows to Asia by Source, 2017 ($ billion)
Tags:
remittance
remittance inflows
remittance receipts
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (1990/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD). http://www.knomad.org/data/remittances (accessed May 2018)
Author:


Migration from Asia in 2017 by Host Region (%) share
Tags:
migrants
skilled labor
skilled migrants
working migrants
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2016/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed May 2018). Economic Outlook April 2017 Database. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/index.aspx (accessed June 2017); United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects 2015. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/ (accessed April 2017); and World Bank. World Development Indicators. http://databank.worldbank.org (accessed June 2017).
Author:


Subregional Remittance Sources in Asia (%)
Tags:
remittance
remittance inflows
remittance receipts
remittance source
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2016/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD). http://www.knomad.org/data/remittances (accessed May 2018). Economic Outlook April 2017 Database. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/index.aspx (accessed June 2017); United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects 2015. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/ (accessed April 2017); and World Bank. World Development Indicators. http://databank.worldbank.org (accessed June 2017).
Author:


International Tourism Receipts by Major Region, 2016
Tags:
remittance
remittance inflows
remittance receipts
remittance source
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2016/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Bank. World Development Indicators. https://data.worldbank.org/ (accessed September 2018); and United Nations World Tourism Organization (2018b).
Author:


Top 10 Recipients of Tourism Receipts (2016)
Tags:
tourism
tourism receipts
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Asia
Central Asia
East Asia
Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Period:
Annual (2011/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Bank. World Development Indicators. https://data.worldbank.org/ (accessed September 2018); and United Nations World Tourism Organization (2018b).
Author:


Top 10 Recipients of Tourism Recipts (2016) - (b) As share of GDP (%)
Tags:
tourism
tourism as % of GDP
tourism receipts
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2016/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Bank. World Development Indicators. https://data.worldbank.org/ (accessed September 2018); and United Nations World Tourism Organization (2018b).
Author:


Number of Asian Tourists by Major Area of Destination
Tags:
tourism
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from UNWTO. Tourism Satellite Accounts. http://statistics.unwto.org/ (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Number of European Tourists by Major Area of Destination
Tags:
tourism
Scope:
Europe
World
Period:
Annual (2011/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from UNWTO. Tourism Satellite Accounts. http://statistics.unwto.org/ (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Regional Destination of Tourists from Asia, 2000
Tags:
regional tourism
tourism
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Asia
European Union
Latin America and Caribbean
Middle East
North America
Russian Federation
World
Period:
Annual (2014/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). Tourism Satellite Accounts. http://statistics.unwto.org/ (accessed June 2018); and UNWTO (2018b).
Author:


Regional Destination of Tourists from Asia, 2016
Tags:
regional tourism
tourism
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Asia
European Union
Latin America and Caribbean
Middle East
North America
Russian Federation
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2015)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). Tourism Satellite Accounts. http://statistics.unwto.org/ (accessed June 2018); and UNWTO (2018b).
Author:


Annual Average International Tourism Arrivals in ASEAN, 2014-2016
Tags:
regional tourism
tourism
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Asia
European Union
Latin America and Caribbean
Middle East
North America
Russian Federation
World
Period:
Annual (1995/2015)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from ASEAN Secretariat. ASEANstats Data Portal. https://data.aseanstats.org/ (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Visa Requirements in ASEAN Countries
Tags:
regional tourism
tourism
Scope:
Australia
China, People's Republic of
Hong Kong, China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Singapore
Thailand
Period:
Annual (2015/2015)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from national sources.
Author:


Outflow of Overseas Workers—Selected Asian Countries (’000, growth rate in parentheses)
Scope:
Armenia
Cambodia
Fiji
Georgia
Hong Kong, China
Maldives
Palau
Samoa
Thailand
Vanuatu
Period:
Annual (2015/2015)
Source:
Agency on Statistics Under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan. https://www.stat.tj/tj/database-socio-demographic-sector (accessed June 2018); Bangladesh Bank. https://bb.org.bd (accessed June 2018); Bureau of Manpower, Employment, and Training. bmet.org.bd (accessed June 2018); Government of Nepal, Ministry of Labour and Employment (2018); ILO. ILOSTAT. www.ilo.org/ilostat (accessed June 2018); Pakistan Bureau of Emigration and Overseas Employment. https://beoe.gov.pk (accessed June 2018); Philippine Overseas Employment Administration. www.poea.gov.ph; Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign Employment (2016 and 2017); and Wadhawan (2018).
Author:


Tourism Arrivals and Receipts in Asia and the Pacific in 2016, by Subregion
Tags:
regional tourism
tourism
Scope:
Central Asia
China, People's Republic of
East Asia
Pacific + Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Period:
Annual (2000/2000)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Bank. World Development Indicators. https://data.worldbank.org/ (accessed September 2018); and United Nations World Tourism Organization. Tourism Satellite Accounts. http://statistics.unwto.org (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Top Destinations of Tourists from Asia and the Pacific, 2016 and 2000
Tags:
regional tourism
tourism
Scope:
Central Asia
China, People's Republic of
East Asia
Pacific + Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Period:
Annual (2015/2015)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). Tourism Satellite Accounts. http://statistics.unwto.org/ (accessed June 2018); and UNWTO (2018b).
Author:


Selected Economic Indicators, 2017—CAREC
Tags:
GDP
population
trade openness
Scope:
CAREC
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Asian Development Bank. 2018. Asian Development Outlook 2018. Manila; CEIC; International Monetary Fund. Direction of Trade Statistics. http://data.imf.org; and World Bank. World Development Indicators. http://databank.worldbank.org/ (all accessed June 2018).
Author:





CAREC Projects, by Funding Source, end of 2017 ($ billion)
Tags:
funding source
projects
Scope:
CAREC
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB. CAREC Program Portfolio.
Author:





Selected Economic Indicators, 2017—Greater Mekong Subregion
Tags:
FDI
GDP
population
trade openness
Scope:
GMS
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB. 2018. Asian Development Outlook 2018. Manila; CEIC (accessed April and August 2018); GMS Secretariat calculations; UNCOMTRADE. https://comtrade.un.org/ (accessed August 2018); UNCTAD FDI Statistics. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/Home.aspx (accessed August 2018); and World Bank. World Development Indicators. https://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed August 2018).
Author:





Selected Economic Indicators, 2017—SASEC
Tags:
GDP
population
trade openness
Scope:
SASEC
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB. 2018. Asian Development Outlook 2018. Manila; International Monetary Fund (IMF). Direction of Trade Statistics. http://data.imf.org; IMF. World Economic Outlook July 2018 Database. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/index.aspx; and World Bank. DataBank. Population estimates and projections. http://databank.worldbank.org (all accessed May 2018).
Author:





SASEC Investment, by Sector and Volume ($ million)
Tags:
ICT
economic corridor development
energy
investment
trade facilitation
transport
Scope:
SASEC
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB. SASEC Project Portfolio 2018.
Author:





SASEC Projects, by Sector, end of 2017
Tags:
ICT
economic corridor development
energy
projects
trade facilitation
transport
Scope:
SASEC
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB. SASEC Project Portfolio 2018.
Author:





SASEC Investment, by Financier ($ million)
Tags:
investment
Scope:
SASEC
Period:
Annual (2001/2017)
Source:
ADB. SASEC Project Portfolio 2018.
Author:





Average Annual Losses from Disasters (% of gross domestic product, 2008–2017 averages)
Tags:
disaster
Scope:
The Pacific
Period:
Annual (2008/2017)
Source:
EM-DAT: The Emergency Events Database - Université catholique de Louvain (UCL) - Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, D. Guha-Sapir - www.emdat.be, Brussels, Belgium (accessed June 2018).
Author:





Economic Impact of Recent Severe Disasters in the Pacific
Tags:
disaster
Scope:
The Pacific
Period:
Annual (2012/2018)
Source:
Cabezon et al. (2015); and Tonga Ministry of Finance and National Planning.
Author:





Three Layers of Disaster Risk
Tags:
disaster risk
Scope:
ADB Subregional Programs
Source:
World Bank (2011).
Author:





Projected Percentage Change in Population Ages 15–64 between 2017 and 2030
Tags:
population
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2030)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Regional Public Good-Related Official Development Assistance a: Sectoral Allocation of RPG-Related ODA 1995-2016 (% ODA per Sector)
Tags:
RPG
official development assistance
regional public goods
Scope:
Asia
World
Period:
Annual (1995/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. CRS database. https://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx?DataSetCode=CRS1 (accessed July 2018); Cepparulo and Giuriato (2009); Resien, Soto, and Weithöner (2004); and te Velde, Morrissey, and Hewitt (2002).
Author:


Regional Public Good-Related Official Development Assistance b: RPG-Related ODA 1995-2016 (% ODA per Sector)
Tags:
RPG
official development assistance
regional public goods
Scope:
Africa
Asia
Europe
Period:
Annual (1999/2016)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. CRS database. https://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx?DataSetCode=CRS1 (accessed July 2018); Cepparulo and Giuriato (2009); Resien, Soto, and Weithöner (2004); and te Velde, Morrissey, and Hewitt (2002).
Author:


Number of Regional Public Good-Related International Treaties a: Asia, as of 2017 (cumulative)
Tags:
regional public goods
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
Inter-American Development Bank. Regional public good cooperation database based on United Nations, World Intellectual Property Organization, and World Trade Organization data (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Number of Regional Public Good-Related International Treaties b: World (cumulative)
Tags:
regional public goods
Scope:
Asia
Source:
Inter-American Development Bank. Regional public good cooperation database based on United Nations, World Intellectual Property Organization, and World Trade Organization data (accessed August 2018).
Author:


ADB Regional Projects a: Trend of Regional Projects
Tags:
regional public goods
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2010/2017)
Source:
ADB Internal Projects Database (accessed May 2018).
Author:


ADB Regional Projects b: Breakdown of RCI Projects, by Sector, 2010–2017
Tags:
regional cooperation and integration
regional public goods
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2010/2017)
Source:
ADB Internal Projects Database (accessed May 2018).
Author:


Benefit of the Greater Mekong Subregion Health Security Project (present value, $ million)
Tags:
regional public goods
Scope:
Cambodia
China, People's Republic of
Lao PDR
Myanmar
Thailand
Viet Nam
Source:
Weiss (2017)
Author:


Asia-Pacific Regional Cooperation and Integration Index
Tags:
ARCII
regional integration
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
Asia-Pacific Regional Cooperation and Integration Index Database. https://aric.adb.org/database/arcii (accessed September 2018); and methodology from C.Y. Park and R. Claveria. 2018. Constructing the Asia-Pacific Regional Integration Index: A Panel Approach. ADB Economics Working Paper Series. No. 544. Manila: Asian Development Bank (ADB); H. Huh and C.Y. Park. 2018. Asia-Pacific Regional Integration Index: Construction, Interpretation, and Comparison. Journal of Asian Economics. 54. pp. 22–38; and H. Huh and C.Y. Park. 2017. Asia-Pacific Regional Integration Index: Construction, Interpretation, and Comparison. ADB Economics Working Papers. No. 511. Manila: ADB.
Author:


Regional Integration Indicators—Asia (% of total)
Tags:
FDI
finance
migration
regional integration
tourism
trade
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat. ASEANstats Database. https://www.aseanstats.org/ (accessed July 2018); ADB. Asian Regional Integration Center. https://aric.adb.org/; CEIC (accessed July 2018); Eurostat. Balance of Payments. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/balance-of-payments/data/database (accessed June 2018); International Monetary Fund (IMF). Direction of Trade Statistics. http://imf.org/en/data (accessed August 2018); IMF. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed March 2018); Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations. Trends in International Migrant Stock. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/estimates15.shtml (accessed July 2018); United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Bilateral FDI Statistics. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/FDI%20Statistics/FDI-Statistics-Bilateral.aspx (accessed June 2018) and World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Annex-Tables.aspx (accessed June 2018); United Nations World Tourism Organization; and IMF. World Economic Outlook Database April 2018. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/download.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:






Trade Share—Asia (% of total trade)
Tags:
trade
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Direction of Trade Database. https://www.imf.org/en/Data (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Free Trade Agreement Status—Asia
Tags:
FTA
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB. Asia Regional Integration Center. https://aric.adb.org/ (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Time to Export and Import—Asia (number of hours)
Tags:
time to export
time to import
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Bank. Doing Business Database. https://doingbusiness.org (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Logistics Performance Index—Asia (% to EU)
Tags:
logistic performance index
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Bank. Logistics Performance Index. https://lpi.worldbank.org (accessed August 2018).
Author:


Cross-Border Portfolio Equity Holdings Share—Asia (% of total crossborder equity holdings)
Tags:
cross-border equiy
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:


Cross-Border Portfolio Debt Holdings Share—Asia (% of total crossborder debt holdings)
Tags:
cross-border debt
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from International Monetary Fund. Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey. http://data.imf.org/CPIS (accessed September 2018).
Author:


Foreign Direct Investment Inflow Share—Asia (% of total FDI inflows)
Tags:
FDI
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat. ASEANstats Database. https://www.aseanstats.org/ (accessed July 2018); Eurostat. Balance of Payments. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/balance-of-payments/data/database (accessed June 2018); United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Bilateral FDI Statistics. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/FDI%20Statistics/FDI-Statistics-Bilateral.aspx (accessed June 2018); and World Investment Report 2018 Statistical Annex Tables. http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Annex-Tables.aspx (accessed June 2018).
Author:


Remittance Inflows Share—Asia (% of total remittance inflows)
Tags:
remittances
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from World Bank. World Bank Migration and Remittances Data. http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/ migrationremittancesdiasporaissues/brief/migration-remittances-data (accessed July 2018).
Author:


Outbound Migration Share—Asia (% of total outbound migrants)
Tags:
migration
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. International Migrant Stock 2017. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/data/index.shtml (accessed July 2018).
Author:


Inbound Tourism Share—Asia (% of total inbound tourists)
Tags:
tourism
Scope:
Asia
Period:
Annual (2017/2017)
Source:
ADB calculations using data from United Nations World Tourism Organization. Tourism Satellite Accounts. http://statistics.unwto.org/ (accessed August 2018).
Author: