AEIR 2019/2020

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Macroeconomic Indicators
Regional Cooperation and Integration database:

AEIR Data Catalogue

A compilation of all figures and tables from the Asian Economic Integration Reports. Download data in CSV or follow links to view specific figure or table from the report.


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    Progress in Regional Cooperation and Integration (Asian Economies under Changing Global Environment)
    Progress in Regional Cooperation and Integration (Updates on Trade and Investment Integration)
    Progress in Regional Cooperation and Integration (Updates on Financial Integration)
    Progress in Regional Cooperation and Integration (Updates on Movement of People)
    Progress in Regional Cooperation and Integration (Updates on Trade Policy)
    Special Chapter: How Can Special Economic Zones Catalyze Economic Development?
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Real GDP Growth (%, y-o-y)
Tags:
GDP
real GDP growth
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Canada
France
Germany
Italy
Japan
United Kingdom
United States
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from various issues of the Asian Development Outlook, ADB; World Economic Outlook October 2015 Database, International Monetary Fund (IMF); and World Development Indicators, World Bank.
Author:


Income Convergence—Selected Asian Economies
Tags:
Growth of real per capita GDP
Log (per capita GDP)
Scope:
Cambodia
China, People's Republic of
Hong Kong, China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Malaysia
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Viet Nam
Period:
Annual (1985/2015)
Source:
Source: T. Ito. 2015. Lessons for Global Financial Crisis for Asia. Presentation at the 7th International Policy Advisory Group Meeting. Manila. 3–4 August. Using data from World Economic Outlook April 2015 Database, International Monetary Fund.
Author:


Income Convergence—GMEs vs ROW
Tags:
Per capita GDP growth rate; GDP per capita
Scope:
China, People's Republic of
Hong Kong, China
Korea, Republic of
Singapore
World
Period:
Annual (1999/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Development Indicators, World Bank.
Author:


Number of Economies by Type of Working Age Population—Asia
Tags:
working age population
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2005/2025)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision, United Nations.
Author:


Labor Productivity Growth—Asia (%, y-o-y)
Tags:
labor productivity
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
China, People's Republic of
India
Japan
Period:
Annual (1990/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Conference Board Total Economy Database, May 2015 edition.
Author:


Impulse Response of Domestic Real GDP Growth to External Shocks (percentage points; x-axis = number of quarters), Response to Real GDP Growth Shock in the US
Tags:
GDP growth
US GDP growth
Scope:
World
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from CEIC and national sources.
Author:


Impulse Response of Domestic Real GDP Growth to External Shocks (percentage points; x-axis = number of quarters), Response to US Monetary Policy Changes
Tags:
GDP
Monetary Policy
Scope:
World
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from CEIC and national sources.
Author:


Impulse Response of Domestic Real GDP Growth to External Shocks (percentage points; x-axis = number of quarters), Response to Higher Global Volatility
Tags:
GDP
VIX index
volatility
Scope:
World
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from CEIC and national sources.
Author:


Share of Asian Output Variance Due to External and Local Factors—Baseline Model (%, x-axis = number of quarters), Pre-GFC
Tags:
GDP
GFC
variance decomposition
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from CEIC and national sources.
Author:


Share of Asian Output Variance Due to External and Local Factors—Baseline Model (%, x-axis = number of quarters), Post-GFC
Tags:
GDP
GFC
variance decomposition
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from CEIC and national sources.
Author:


Response to Real GDP Growth Shock in the PRC (percentage point response to a 1 SD rise in PRC growth)
Tags:
Real GDP growth
Scope:
China, People's Republic of
Source:
Source: ADB calculations.
Author:


Share of Asian Output Variance due to External and Local Factors—Expanded Model (%, x-axis = number of quarters), Pre-GFC
Tags:
GDP
GFC
variance decomposition
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from CEIC and national sources.
Author:


Share of Asian Output Variance due to External and Local Factors—Expanded Model (%, x-axis = number of quarters), Post=GFC
Tags:
GDP
GFC
variance decomposition
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from CEIC and national sources.
Author:


Trade and GDP Growth—Asia and World (%, y-o-y)
Tags:
Trade and GDP
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
World
Period:
Annual (2001/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from from various issues of the Asian Development Outlook, ADB; International Trade Statistics, WTO; World Economic Outlook April 2015 Database, International Monetary Fund; and national sources.
Author:


VECM Results: Income Elasticity of Trade—Asia
Tags:
GDP
Imports
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2015)
Source:
VECM Results: Income Elasticity of Trade—Asia Dependent variable: Log (Asia Imports) Independent variable: Log (Asia GDP)
Author:


Asia’s Imports By Source (% of total Asia imports)
Tags:
Imports
Scope:
Africa
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
Latin America and Caribbean
Middle East
North America
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Asia’s Imports By Source (% of total Asia imports)
Author:


Total Trade By Commodity Groups—Asia ($ billion)
Tags:
Total trade by commodity
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database.
Author:


Total Trade Growth, By Commodity Groups—Asia (%, y-o-y)
Tags:
Total trade by commodity
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database.
Author:


Asia ex PRC Trade Growth, by Partner (%, y-o-y)
Tags:
Total trade by commodity
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (1991/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Direction of Trade Statistics, International Monetary Fund.
Author:


Gravity Model Estimation Results [Dependent variable: Log (Exports)]
Tags:
Trade
gravity model
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database.
Author:


Intraregional Trade Shares—Asia, EU, North America (%)
Tags:
intraregional trade
trade
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
North America
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Direction of Trade Statistics, International Monetary Fund.
Author:


Intrasubregional Trade Shares—Asia (%)
Tags:
intra-subregional trade
trade
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Direction of Trade Statistics, International Monetary Fund.
Author:


Sources of GDP Growth—PRC (% of GDP growth), by Expenditure
Tags:
GDP growth
conusmption
investment
net exports
Scope:
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (1995/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Asian Development Outlook April 2015, ADB; and World Development Indicators, World Bank.
Author:


Sources of GDP Growth—PRC (% of GDP growth), by Sector
Tags:
GDP growth
agriculture
industry
services
Scope:
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (1995/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Asian Development Outlook April 2015, ADB; and World Development Indicators, World Bank.
Author:


Asia’s Trade Shares, By Partner (% of total Asia’s trade)
Tags:
trade
trade shares
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Australia
China, People's Republic of
Japan
Korea, Republic of
New Zealand
Southeast Asia
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Direction of Trade Statistics, International Monetary Fund.
Author:


Gravity Model Estimation Results—Intra- and Intersubregional Trade
Tags:
Trade
gravity model
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database.
Author:


The PRC’s Imports from Asia—By Commodity Groups and Asian Subregions, by Commodity Groups
Tags:
consumption goods
imports
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (2000/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database.
Author:


The PRC’s Imports from Asia—By Commodity Groups and Asian Subregions, by Consumption Goods Imports and Asian Subregions
Tags:
imports
intermediate goods
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (2000/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database.
Author:


The PRC’s Imports from Asia—By Commodity Groups and Asian Subregions, by Intermdiate Goods Imports and by Asian Subregions
Tags:
imports
intermediate goods
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (2000/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database.
Author:


The PRC’s Imports from Asia—By Commodity Groups and Asian Subregions
Tags:
capital goods
imports
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (2000/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database.
Author:


Top Asian Exporters to the PRC (% of economy’s total exports, 2014)
Tags:
exports
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (2014/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database.
Author:


Share in Asia’s Manufactured Goods Exports per Technology Level (%)
Tags:
Exports
Scope:
ASEAN+3
Period:
Annual (1996/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from STAN Bilateral Trade Database, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Author:


Manufacturing Export Share by Technology Level (% of country’s total exports)
Tags:
Exports
manufacturing
Scope:
ASEAN+3
Period:
Annual (1996/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from STAN Bilateral Trade Database, OECD.
Author:


Intraregional Trade by Components (% of component’s exports to the world)
Tags:
Exports
Global Value Chain
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input-Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Wang Z., S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels. NBER Working Paper. No. 19777. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Intraregional FVA & DVA in Intermediates by Source (as % of intraregional exports)
Tags:
Exports
Global Value Chain
domestic value added
foreign value added
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input-Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Z.Wang, S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels. NBER Working Paper. No. 19777. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Intraregional Value-Added Exports—Asia
Tags:
Domestic Value Added
Exports
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input-Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Z. Wang, S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels.NBER Working Paper. No. 19677. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Intraregional Value-Added Exports—Asia
Tags:
Exports
Foreign Value Added
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input-Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Z. Wang, S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels.NBER Working Paper. No. 19677. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Intraregional Value-Added Exports—Asia
Tags:
Exports
Returned Domestic Value
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input-Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Z. Wang, S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels.NBER Working Paper. No. 19677. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Intraregional Value-Added Exports—Asia
Tags:
Exports
Purely Double Counted
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input-Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Z. Wang, S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels.NBER Working Paper. No. 19677. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Value-Added Trade—Asian Economy Pair Drivers
Tags:
Exports
Global Value Chain
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input-Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Z. Wang, S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels. NBER Working Paper. No. 19777. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Shares to Intraregional DVA Exports (y-axis = difference in shares, 2011 vs 2000; box numbers = shares as of 2011), Textiles and Textile Products
Tags:
Domestic Value Added
Exports
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input- Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Z. Wang, S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels.NBER Working Paper. No. 19677. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Shares to Intraregional DVA Exports (y-axis = difference in shares, 2011 vs 2000; box numbers = shares as of 2011), Electrical and Optical Equipment
Tags:
Domestic Value Added
Exports
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input- Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Z. Wang, S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels.NBER Working Paper. No. 19677. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Shares to Intraregional DVA Exports (y-axis = difference in shares, 2011 vs 2000; box numbers = shares as of 2011), Transport Equipment
Tags:
Domestic Value Added
Exports
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2011)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Input- Output Tables and ADB Input-Output Tables, and methodology from Z. Wang, S-J. Wei, and K. Zhu. 2014. Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sectoral Levels.NBER Working Paper. No. 19677. Cambridge, MA: NBER.
Author:


Total FDI Inflows—Asia ($ billion)
Tags:
FDI inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (1970/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Author:



Major Destination of FDI Flows from Emerging Asian Investors (2014)
Tags:
FDI
Scope:
China, People's Republic of
India
Malaysia
Thailand
Period:
Annual (2014/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from ASEAN Secretariat, OECD, and UNCTAD database.
Author:



Intraregional FDI Inflows—Asia
Tags:
FDI inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2001/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from ASEAN Investment Statistics Database, ASEAN Secretariat; Bilateral FDI Statistics, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Author:



Top 5 Sources of Intraregional FDI—Asia ($ billion)
Tags:
FDI
intraregional FDI
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
China, People's Republic of
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Singapore
Period:
Annual (2001/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data available from ASEAN Investment Statistics Database, ASEAN Secretariat; Bilateral FDI Statistics, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Author:



Major Destination of FDI from Asia’s Top 5 Investors (2014)
Tags:
FDI
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
China, People's Republic of
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Singapore
Period:
Annual (2014/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from ASEAN Investment Statistics Database, ASEAN Secretariat; Bilateral FDI Statistics, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Author:



Sources of Financial Flows—Asia ($ billion, cumulative 2010–2014)
Tags:
Bank Lending
Debt
Equity
FDI
Inflows and Outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from ASEAN Secretariat; Bank for International Settlements; Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund (IMF); Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Author:



Capital Flows—Asia (% share to total)
Tags:
Bank Lending
Debt
Equity
FDI
Inflows and Outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB staff calculations using data from ASEAN Secretariat; Bank for International Settlements; Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
Author:



Equity Inflows—Asia ($ billion, by source)
Tags:
Equity Inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Capital Flow Volatility—Asia (standard deviation of capital flow levels as % of GDP, 2005Q1–2014Q1)
Tags:
Bank Lending
Capital Flow Volatility
Debt
Equity
FDI
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
East Asia
Southeast Asia
Period:
Quarterly (2005/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from International Financial Statistics, International Monetary Fund (IMF); and national sources.
Author:



Equity Inflows to Asia—Asian Subregions ($ billion, by recipient)
Tags:
Equity Inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
East Asia
Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
The Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Equity Inflows—Asia ($ billion, by source, from 2010–2014)
Tags:
Equity Inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
East Asia
European Union
Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
The Pacific
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Debt Inflows—Asia ($ billion, by source)
Tags:
Debt Inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Yields Dispersion and Quantitative Easing (%)
Tags:
10-year bond yields’ max-min differential and interquartile range
3-month bond yields’ max-min differential and interquartile range
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Quarterly (2001/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg, US Federal Reserve, European Central Bank and Bank of Japan.
Author:



Debt Inflows—Asia ($ billion, by recipient)
Tags:
Debt Inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
East Asia
Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
The Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Debt Inflows—Asian Subregions ($ million, by source, from 2010–2014)
Tags:
Debt Inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
East Asia
European Union
Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
The Pacific
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Equity Outflows—Asia ($ billion, by destination)
Tags:
Equity Outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Equity Prices vs. Equity Flows from Asia
Tags:
Equity Flows
Equity Prices
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2012/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg.
Author:



Equity Outflows by Asia—Asian Subregions ($ billion, by source)
Tags:
Equity Outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
East Asia
Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
The Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Equity Outflows—Asia ($ billion, by destination, from 2010-2014)
Tags:
Equity Outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
East Asia
Oceania
South Asia
Southeast Asia
The Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Debt Outflows—Asia ($ billion, by destination)
Tags:
Debt Outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



US-euro Area Yield Differential and US Debt Share out of Asian Holdings
Tags:
US-euro area yield differential and US debt share of Asian holdings
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
United States
Period:
Annual (2012/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Bloomberg.
Author:



Debt Outflows—Asia ($ billion, by source)
Tags:
Debt Outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Debt Outflows—Asia ($ billion, by destination, from 2010-2014)
Tags:
Debt Outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Outward Portfolio Investments (% share)
Tags:
outward portfolio investments
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2002/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Intraregional Portfolio Composition—Asia (% share to total portfolio)
Tags:
debt
equity
intraregional portfolio compostion
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2002/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Bank Credit Inflows—Asia ($ billion, by source)
Tags:
bank credit inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Foreign Bank Lending Flows to Asia ($ billion, 4-quarter moving average)
Tags:
foreign bank lending
Scope:
Australia
European Union
Japan
United Kingdom
United States
Period:
Quarterly (2007/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Bank for International Settlements (Table 9D). Data accessed in May 2015.
Author:



Bank Credit Outflows—Asia ($ billion, by destination)
Tags:
bank credit outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey, International Monetary Fund.
Author:



Top 10 Remittance Recipient Economies—Asia (based on net inflows, 2014)
Tags:
remittance
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2014/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using Annual Remittances Data, World Bank; and World Economic Outlook April 2015 Database, International Monetary Fund.
Author:


Top 10 Remittance Recipient Economies—Asia (based on net inflows, 2014)
Tags:
GDP
remittance
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using Annual Remittances Data, World Bank; and World Economic Outlook April 2015 Database, International Monetary Fund.
Author:


Remittances and Tourism Receipts (2013)
Tags:
remittance
tourism receipts
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using Annual Remittances Data, World Bank; and World Economic Outlook April 2015 Database, International Monetary Fund, and World Tourism Organization Data.
Author:


Remittances and Tourism Receipts (2013)
Tags:
GDP
remittance
tourism receipts
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using Annual Remittances Data, World Bank; and World Economic Outlook April 2015 Database, International Monetary Fund, and World Tourism Organization Data.
Author:


Financial Inflows to Asia ($ billion, by type)
Tags:
FDI
ODA
portfolio investments
remittance
tourism receipts
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (1990/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Annual Remittances Data, World Bank; World Development Indicators and IMF Balance of Payments data from CEIC.
Author:


Average Cost of Sending Remittances (%, based on benchmark $200 worth of remittance)
Tags:
remittance cost
Scope:
World
Period:
Quarterly (2015/2015)
Source:
Source: World Bank. 2015. Remittances Prices Worldwide. Issue No. 14. June. Washington.
Author:


Tourist Inflows—Asia (million, by destination)
Tags:
tourist inflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2009/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Tourism Organization.
Author:


Tourist Arrivals—Asia (million, by origin)
Tags:
Tourist arrivals
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Tourism Organization.
Author:


Tourism Outflows—Asia (million)
Tags:
tourism outflows
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Tourism Organization.
Author:


Outflows of Migration and Tourism—Asia (2013)
Tags:
migration
population
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Trends in International Migrant Stock, United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs; and World Tourism Organization.
Author:


Outflows of Migration and Tourism—Asia (2013)
Tags:
migration
population
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Trends in International Migrant Stock, United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs; and World Tourism Organization.
Author:


Migration—Asia (million)
Tags:
migration
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2000)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Trends in International Migrant Stock, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
Author:


Migration—Asia (million)
Tags:
migration
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Trends in International Migrant Stock, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
Author:


Outbound Migration, Income, and Working Age Population
Tags:
income
outbound migration
population
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
United States
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Trends in International Migrant Stock; United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs; and World Development Indicators; World Bank.
Author:


Migration—Southeast Asia (thousands)
Tags:
migration
Scope:
ASEAN
Period:
Annual (2000/2000)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Trends in International Migrant Stock, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
Author:


Migration—Southeast Asia (thousands)
Tags:
migration
Scope:
ASEAN
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Trends in International Migrant Stock, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
Author:


Net Migration—Southeast Asia (million)
Tags:
net migration
Scope:
ASEAN
Period:
Annual (2000/2013)
Source:
Source: Trends in International Migrant Stock, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
Author:


Coverage Beyond Goods Trade
Tags:
Trans-Pacific Partnership
Source:
Source: ADB staff compilation from official FTA fact sheet (for TPP) and official FTA text (for the rest).
Author:


Comparison of Key Intellectual Property Provisions
Tags:
Trans-Pacific Partnership
Source:
Source: ADB staff compilation from official FTA fact sheet (for TPP) and official FTA text (for the rest).
Author:


Number of Newly Effective FTAs—World
Tags:
FTAs
free trade agreement
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (1958/2014)
Source:
Source: Regional Trade Agreements Information System (RTA-IS) Database, World Trade Organization.
Author:


Number of Signed FTAs—Asia (cumulative)
Tags:
FTAs
free trade agreement
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (1975/2015)
Source:
Source: Asia Regional Integration Center FTA Database, ADB.
Author:


Number of FTAs Proposed and Signed Each Year—Asia
Tags:
FTAs
free trade agreement
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2000/2015)
Source:
Source: Asia Regional Integration Center FTA Database, ADB.
Author:


List of Recently Proposed FTAs in Asia
Tags:
FTAs
free trade agreement
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2012/2015)
Source:
Source: Asia Regional Integration Center FTA Database, ADB.
Author:


Cumulative Bilateral FDI Before and After Implementation of FTA (FTAs implemented since 2008)
Tags:
FTAs
free trade agreement
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2008/2015)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and national sources.
Author:


Level of Accession to the Revised Kyoto Convention—Asia and World
Tags:
Kyoto Convention
WTO
trade facilitation
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: Koide, H. 2015. Trade Facilitation Progress in Asia: Performance Benchmarking and Policy Implications. Presented at Regional Conference on Time-Release Studies. Tokyo. 6-8 October.
Author:


Trade Facilitation Performance (2013)
Tags:
trade facilitation
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: Trade Facilitation Indicators, OECD.
Author:


Trade Facilitation Performance—CAREC, GMS, and SASEC (2013)
Tags:
trade facilitation
Scope:
CAREC
GMS
SASEC
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: Trade Facilitation Indicators. OECD.
Author:


Number of Trade Remedial Measures Affecting Asia
Tags:
trade remedy measures
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Monthly (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Global Trade Alert.
Author:


Trade Remedial Measures and WTO Cases
Tags:
trade remedy measures
Scope:
World
Period:
Monthly (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Global Trade Alert and WTO.
Author:


Newly Initiated Trade Interventions Measures Involving Asia
Tags:
trade intervention measures
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
World
Period:
Monthly (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Global Trade Alert.
Author:


Number of Trade Remedial Measures Affecting Asia
Tags:
trade remedy measures
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Monthly (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Global Trade Alert.
Author:


London Metal Exchange Metals Index
Tags:
metal exchange index
Scope:
World
Period:
Daily (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: Bloomberg.
Author:


Share in Global Trade of Basic Chemicals
Tags:
chemicals
trade
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
European Union
United States
World
Period:
Annual (2010/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from United Nations Commodity Trade Database and Global Trade Alert.
Author:


Number of Implementers of Trade Remedial Measures—Top Affected Asian Economies
Tags:
intermediate goods
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Global Trade Alert.
Author:


Evolution of Various Types of SEZs—Selected Asian Economies
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: Baumgartner et al. (2013), Chai and Im (2009), Chen (1993), Cling et al. (2007), World Bank Facility for Investment Climate Advisory Services (2008), Farole ed. (2011), Farole and Akinci (2011), Furby (2005), IBEF (undated), Jayanthakumaran (2003), Kaplinsky (1993), Memon (2010), Sarsembayeva (2012), Sivalingam (1994), Varma (2013), Viswadia (2013), Warr (1989), Wang (2013), Won (1993), national sources.
Author:




Analytical Framework on SEZ Outcomes and Success Factors
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Source:
Source: A. Aggarwal. 2015. Special Economic Zones: A Conceptual Framework for Success Drivers and Development Outcomes. Background paper for the Asian Development Bank for the Asian Economic Integration Report 2015 Special Chapter. Manila. December.
Asia’s Special Economic Zone Experience
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Asia and the Pacific
Source:
Sources: ADB Country Diagnostic Studies; CEIC; ILO Database on Export Processing Zones (2007); national sources.
Author:




Gravity Model Estimation Results: Impact of SEZs on Exports—World
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from UN Commodity Trade Database, CEPII, and national sources.
Author:






Gravity Model Estimation Results: Impact of SEZs on Exports—Asia versus Other Regions
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones,gravity model
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from UN Commodity Trade Database, CEPII, and national sources.
Author:






Gravity Model Estimation Results: Alternative Specification Asia
Tags:
SEZ
gravity model
special economic zones
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from UN Commodity Trade Database, CEPII, and national sources.
Author:






Gravity Model Estimation Results: Impact of SEZ Institutions on Exports—Asia versus Other Regions
Tags:
SEZ
gravity model
special economic zones
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from UN Commodity Trade Database, CEPII, and national sources.
Author:






GMM Model Estimation Results: Impact of SEZ on FDI—Developing Economies
Tags:
GMM
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Chicago Board Options Exchange; Corporate Tax Rates Table and Corporate Indirect Tax Rate Survey, KPMG; World Tax Database, University of Michigan’s Ross School of Business; Deloitte Corporate Tax Rates World Investment Report, UNCTAD; and World Development Indicators, World Bank.
Author:






GMM Model Estimation Results with SEZ Institutions
Tags:
GMM
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from Chicago Board Options Exchange; Corporate Tax Rates Table and Corporate Indirect Tax Rate Survey, KPMG; World Tax Database, University of Michigan’s Ross School of Business; Deloitte Corporate Tax Rates; World Investment Report, UNCTAD; and World Development Indicators, World Bank.
Author:






Estimated Average Treatment Effects
Tags:
SEZ
average treatment effects
special economic zones
Scope:
Bangladesh
India
Malaysia
Period:
Annual (2006/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Bank Enterprise Survey.
Author:





Firm Perception Obstacles to Operations
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Bangladesh
India
Malaysia
Period:
Annual (2006/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Bank Enterprise Survey
Author:





Top 10 Obstacles in Operation (Bangladesh)
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Bangladesh
Period:
Annual (2006/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Bank Enterprise Survey
Author:





Top 10 Obstacles in Operation (Malaysia)
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Malaysia
Period:
Annual (2006/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Bank Enterprise Survey
Author:





Top 10 Obstacles in Operation (India)
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
India
Period:
Annual (2006/2014)
Source:
Source: ADB calculations using data from World Bank Enterprise Survey
Author:





Number of Economies for Each SEZ Variable Used
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
World
Period:
Annual (1990/2014)
Author:






Overview of EPZs—Bangladesh
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Bangladesh
Period:
Annual (1983/2013)
Source:
Source: Bangladesh Economic Processing Zone Authority. http://www.epzbangladesh.org.bd/
Author:

Cumulative Investment in EPZs, By Region—Bangladesh
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Bangladesh
Period:
Annual (2013/2013)
Source:
Source: Bangladesh Economic Processing Zone Authority.
Author:

EPZ Investment in Bangladesh
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Bangladesh
Period:
Annual (1983/2013)
Source:
Source: Bangladesh Economic Processing Zone Authority. http://www.epzbangladesh.org.bd/bepza.php?id=about_bepza
Author:

EPZ and Garments Exports—Bangladesh
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Bangladesh
Period:
Annual (1983/2013)
Source:
Source: Bangladesh Economic Processing Zone Authority.
Author:

Trend of Labor Productivity in Exports from EPZ—Bangladesh
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Bangladesh
Period:
Annual (1983/2013)
Source:
Source: Bangladesh Economic Processing Zone Authority.
Author:

SEZs in Cambodia
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Scope:
Cambodia
Period:
Annual (2005/2013)
Source:
Source: Council for the Development of Cambodia (CDC), Government of Cambodia.
Author:


Nominal and Real Wages—Cambodia
Tags:
SEZ
nominal wages
real wages
special economic zones
Scope:
Cambodia
Period:
Quartertly (2003/2014)
Source:
Source: Vulnerable Worker Survey, Cambodia Development Resource Institute, Phnom Penh.
Author:


Firm Assessment: Basic Infrastructure, Transport Cost, and Logistics—Cambodia
Tags:
SEZ
infrastructure
logistics
special economic zones
transport cost
Scope:
Cambodia
Period:
Monthly (2014/2014)
Source:
Source: Survey of SEZ Firms, (October–November 2014), ADB.
Author:


Firm Assessment of Overall Business Environment—Cambodia
Tags:
SEZ
infrastructure
logistics
special economic zones
transport cost
Scope:
Cambodia
Period:
Monthly (2014/2014)
Source:
Source: Survey of SEZ Firms, (October–November 2014), ADB.
Author:


Evolution of SEZs and Theoretical Approaches
Tags:
SEZ
special economic zones
Source:
Source: Yang (2015).
Author:

Productivity of NETDZs and NHTDZs—PRC
Tags:
NETDZs
NHTDZs
SEZ
productivity
special economic zones
Scope:
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (1998/2014)
Source:
Source: [The People’s Republic of] China Science and Technology Statistical Yearbook 2008-2012, [the People’s Republic of] China Development Zone Statistic Yearbook, 2008-2013.
Author:

Industrial Output Value Added, by Ownership in NHTDZs—PRC
Tags:
NHTDZs
SEZ
industrial output value added
special economic zones
Scope:
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (2007/2011)
Source:
Source: [the People’s Republic of] China Science and Technology Statistical Yearbook 2008-2012, [the People’s Republic of] China Development Zone Statistic Yearbook, 2008-2013.
Author:

Export value form NETDZs and NHTDZs—PRC
Tags:
NETDZs
NHTDZs
SEZ
export value
special economic zones
Scope:
China, People's Republic of
Period:
Annual (2006/2013)
Source:
Source: [the People’s Republic of] China Science and Technology Statistical Yearbook 2008-2012, [the People’s Republic of] China Development Zone Statistic Yearbook, 2008-2013.
Author: