AEIR 2021

Economic growth fell to 2.9% in 2020, down from the 7.0% growth in 2019, despite an effective COVID-19 response. Agriculture grew by 2.7% in 2020 from 2.0% in 2019, due to proactive export promotion . Industry and construction growth reached 4.0% in 2020, contributing 1.4 percentage points to growth, as effective COVID-19 controls led to a stable labor supply. Construction growth decreased to 6.8% in 2020 from 9.1% in 2019. Overall, services contribution to GDP growth dropped to 0.9 percentage points in 2020 from 2.8% in 2019. Consumption growth amounted to only 1.1% in 2020, with its contribution to GDP dropping to 0.8 percentage points. Net exports of goods and services added 0.3 points to growth, with 4.4% export growth above import growth of 3.9%. Inflation averaged 3.2% in 2020, slightly higher than 2.8% in 2019, despite an unexpected increase in pork prices in the first quarter of 2020 and severe floods in the third quarter.

Source: Asian Development Outlook 2021.
Latest Month-Ago Year-Ago
Composite Stock Price Index 1 1.0 (May21)1.0 829.0
Broad Money Growth 2 -99.9 (Sep20)-99.9 -99.9
Headline Inflation Rate 3 2.7 (Apr21)1.2 2.9
Industrial/ Manufacturing Production Growth Rate 3 24.1 (Apr21)3.9 -9.4
Merchandise Export Growth 3 35.6 (May21)35.6 50.8
Exchange Rate Index 4 144.8 (May21)144.9 146.7
1 Monthly average, local index.
2 %.
3 y-o-y, %.
4 Monthly average, January 2006 = 100, $/local currency.
Source: Bloomberg LP; CEIC database; General Statistics Office.

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